Foot fungus symptoms and signs

Fungus is a rather unpleasant infectious disease that is transmitted from one person to another. In addition, this disease can have both a woman and a man. Summer is undoubtedly the most beautiful season of the year, which tells us not only about relaxation and light t-shirts, but also about excessive sweating, as well as the extremely open surface of the legs. This seemingly simple nuance acts as a great predisposing factor that helps spread completely different infections, including fungal ones. Symptoms of a fungus on the legs can have pronounced or, entirely, hidden features.

The areas in which this unpleasant disease can be contracted can very often be distinguished by the fact that in their territory people move mostly barefoot, or at least take off their shoes. Foot fungus can easily be picked up in a public bath or sauna, swimming pool, beach shower, gym locker room, and even any beauty salon where the most common pedicure services are provided.

Key symptoms and signs

Itching and burning in the feet - signs of a fungus on the legs

Often, a foot fungus, the symptoms of which begin to manifest in the toenail area, can be seen with the naked eye.Why specifically nails? It is quite obvious: the nail has a huge amount of a substance called keratin, which can perfectly feed any fungal infection.

The first sign of a fungal infection is a change in the color tone and shape of the nail: it can be yellow, red or brown, and the structure also changes. It is extremely problematic to cut a diseased nail plate, it can be easily deformed and constantly crumble, you can also notice a lot of cracks and streaks on the nail. Additionally, the color hue of an infected nail plate often depends on the type of fungal infection, such as yeast or mold. A fungal cream will help eliminate this problem.

The nail plate immediately begins to show a reaction to the infection, and the result of all this is keratinization - the nail becomes thicker, which is why quick treatment is simply impossible.

But that is not all. The fungal infection continues to manifest itself and passes to the fingers and toes - this can be seen due to redness, itching and burning, in specific advanced situations, blistering with inflammation and deformation can be noted. This stage of the disease can leave behind many severe ulcers and erosions.

But even the most detailed information on the symptoms of a fungal disease cannot report with 100% accuracy on the type of this or that fungus.

As you know, the types of fungal diseases today are presented in large numbers, and the symptoms of the fungus on the legs remain similar or even practically the same. For this reason, the best solution will be to undergo a medical examination, where the damaged area of the nail is studied exclusively in a laboratory setting. It will help identify the disease.

To get a clear idea of what a fungal disease looks like in the foot area, you definitely need to familiarize yourself with the basic symptoms, including:

  • reddened skin;
  • peeling of the skin;
  • bubbles filled with liquid;
  • change in color shade and structure of the nail plate;
  • deformation, delamination of the nail.

Not in all situations, such conditions indicate that it is a fungal disease of the legs. The signs can easily signal a completely different sore. Only an experienced doctor can make an accurate diagnosis. Differentiation is carried out with many different skin diseases: from eczema and lichen planus, to psoriasis and others. Sometimes it is also important to know not only the symptoms, but also to conduct tests.

Peeling of the skin of the legs with a fungus

In general, it is quite easy to determine the type of fungal disease, knowing the symptoms. However, when the disease has not yet gone beyond the nail plate, it is necessary to determine the type of onychomycosis in order to choose the right drugs and quickly get rid of this unpleasant ailment. Three types of fungal diseases cause deformation of the nail plate, and the symptoms will differ. It depends on which subspecies of the disease is on the nail, and there are a lot of them:

  1. Dermatophyte is a fungal disease that produces gray-white and yellow spots with an irregular base. At the initial stage, spots are formed on the edges of the nail plate. The edges may also peel off the skin and have a yellow tinge.
  2. Yeast disease acts as a disorder in which the nail plate takes on a dark or blackish color with a yellowish mixture. The structure begins to acquire waves and the edges break. A distinctive feature can be called severe redness, swelling, and with minimal physical exertion on the affected area, you can feel pain. In the middle of the nail roller, a purulent mass often collects, and its rupture can serve as a reason for the addition of other infectious diseases.
  3. A mold infection can easily be caused due to weak immunity after a cold infection. The nail plate, when deformed by mold, can have a variety of shades. Also, you can observe the formation of cloudy fuzzy spots. The main feature in this situation can be considered the fact that the nail itself is able to separate from the base and delaminate, preserving the integrity of its structure.

Foot fungus prevention

The first thing that contributes to the formation of a fungal infection is the increased sweating of the feet, when a person wears closed shoes practically continuously. The patient must remember that a fungal disease can easily withstand low temperatures, even after freezing, it still saves itself as the causative agent of the disease.

A high temperature easily fights the disease, so as a preventive measure on the feet, it is better to use a boil. If the clothes are processed in this way, in addition they are also ironed, the fungal disease will simply disappear. To disinfect shoes, you can use formaldehyde - if you use this solution, within 20 minutes the infection can be affected.