We treat the interdigital fungus on the legs

foot fungus image

A common fungal pathology is a fungus between the fingers, where a favorable environment is formed for various microorganisms. Under certain conditions there can be numerous dermatophytes, molds and yeast spores. The first sign of their activity is a slight itch, which can accompany a burning sensation of varying intensity.

Causes of the interdigital fungus of the feet and hands

The main cause of infection is the weakening of local or general immunity. Provoking factors can be contact with the carrier, the presence of systemic diseases, other circumstances:

  • skin lesions;
  • irregular and negligent limb hygiene;
  • hyperhidrosis or, conversely, excessive dryness of the epidermis;
  • tight and uncomfortable shoes;
  • hypothermia of the extremities or, conversely, diaper rash due to overheating.

The likelihood of getting the infection increases in public places with a hot and humid microclimate, which include baths, saunas, swimming pools and beaches, when using someone else's clothes or shoes.

Types of fungus between the toes

The fungus on the skin between the fingers differs in the type of pathogen and localization. More often than other microorganisms, the disease is caused by dermatophytes; in some cases, molds and yeast fungi become the causative agent. Infection usually occurs between the toes, fungus on the hands is less common.

Symptoms of the fungus on the legs and arms

The first sign of the disease is small cracks, first the big toe and the skin of the little finger are affected. At an early stage, a light peeling and mild itching between the fingers join the microtraumas. In addition to the initial stage with subtle symptoms, the disease goes through three other stages with increasing manifestations of infection. In the second stage:

  • slight redness, turns into a large spot;
  • the skin flakes off more intensely;
  • blisters form;
  • corns, corns are formed;
  • the skin becomes rough;
  • the itching becomes stronger, periodically turns into a burning sensation.

In the penultimate stage, the patient's condition worsens significantly, pain is added to severe itching. The clinical picture is as follows:

  • cracks deepen, erosions are formed;
  • peeling the skin on the toes and in the interdigital space;
  • vesicles burst, infiltration is accompanied by crying;
  • there is a symptom of diaper rash;
  • inflammation begins.

The neglected form is characterized by exacerbation of pain, unbearable burning sensation, intensified redness, deep skin lesions, suppuration and bleeding.

foot fungus symptoms

Diagnostics

Unlike other types of mycosis, this type of fungus is easily diagnosed by visual inspection, even in the initial stage. To identify the pathogen, microscopy is used with a preliminary scraping of the biomaterial from the affected area. In addition, culture culture, CPR diagnostics, blood and urine tests are prescribed. The complex of laboratory methods will allow:

  • accurately determine the type of infection;
  • degree of damage;
  • resistance to pathogens to fungal agents.

Diagnosis of the disease can take from several days to a month. Based on its results, effective drugs and a treatment regimen are selected.

Medical treatment

Treatment of an early form of fungus between the toes or fingers can be limited to external means. For the subsequent forms, systemic mycotics for oral administration are added to the topical preparations.

Ointments

With proper use, ointments act on the entire depth of the skin, completely destroy the superficial infection. A few simple tips will help to achieve the desired therapeutic effect:

  • external medicine is applied to cleansed and steamed skin, and then, before each treatment procedure, baths for the limbs are prepared;
  • with an abundance of microtraumas in the legs, it is not recommended to use solutions based on caustic components;
  • after steaming, the skin is gently cleaned all over the foot, with special attention in the interdigital space;
  • the pre-treatment is completed with a thorough cleaning with a disposable towel or napkins;
  • the ointment is applied in a thin layer, evenly distributing it on the affected area, accompanying the application with light rubbing movements.

An arbitrary choice of ointments is not recommended, the drug prescribed by the doctor will be the most effective and safe.

Solutions

In the initial stage, the interdigital fungus responds well to treatment with solutions. The liquid form is easily absorbed, quickly penetrates the thickness of the skin. It is applied on a clean and dry surface without further manipulation with cotton balls or swabs. As a non-basic drug, injectable novocaine can be used. When applied with lotions, the solution:

  • dries the skin and relieves inflammation;
  • soothes itching and burning;
  • allows you to remove redness;
  • provides a disinfecting effect.

Tablets

A tablet variety of mycotics is prescribed for deep penetration of the infection, when local medicine is unable to cope with the disease. The tool acts from the inside, which provides a powerful therapeutic effect, allows you to completely get rid of the fungus, even in its advanced form.

However, doctors avoid prescribing the same drug in different forms for complex therapy. This reduces the sensitivity of the pathogen to the agent, prolongs the course of treatment. The specifics of the application and the presence of contraindications can cause serious side effects, which will greatly complicate the treatment. Therefore, the doctor should choose the medicine, determine its dosage, frequency and duration of use.

Folk remedies

The advantage of such treatment is the possibility of carrying out procedures at home by self-prepared means at no additional cost. Despite the popularity, therapy exclusively with folk remedies does not always lead to a full recovery. But they cope well with external manifestations, help to cure early interdigital mycosis in combination with drugs.

Salt and soda baths

This method is considered to be one of the most convenient and easy to use. The recipe does not require expensive components, one liter of boiled water is enough to prepare the solution, with a temperature of about 40 degrees, 2 tsp. soda or salt. It's best to use sea salt, but if you don't have it, you can get by with regular food salt. The components are mixed, the limbs are kept in solution for up to half an hour. It is recommended to take a bath at least once a day, the last procedure is done preferably before bedtime.

Herbal baths

For this option, you can use a decoction of dry collections of celandine, chamomile, plantain. The components are taken in a spoon, pour a liter of boiling water and bring to a boil over low heat. After filtration, the broth is poured into a container for the procedure, and the legs are steamed for at least 20 minutes. After baths, the skin is gently cleaned of the dead layers of the epidermis and dried. For additional treatment of the affected areas, iodine or hydrogen peroxide can be used.

Lotions with vinegar

It is often recommended to treat a fungus on the skin between the fingers with a solution of vinegar. The liquid creates an unfavorable acidic environment for infection, which inhibits the activity of the pathogen. For lotions, 9% table vinegar is used:

  • moistened cotton swabs are fixed between the fingers;
  • the limb is covered with transparent film;
  • lotion lasts up to 5 minutes.

After the procedure, it is necessary to rinse the skin with running water at a comfortable temperature. Repeatability at least once a day, every day, until the symptoms disappear.

Treatment during pregnancy

During pregnancy, mycosis between the toes is a particular danger. Self-medication in such a situation is unacceptable, therapy is carried out under the supervision of a doctor. When choosing drugs and regimens, it is necessary to take into account the relationship between benefits for the mother and harm to the fetus.

Treatment of the fungus between the fingers and toes in children

Infection affects children in rare cases, usually the source of the disease is adult infection. The treatment regimen is almost the same as for adults. An important nuance is the reduced dosage, especially of systemic drugs. The daily dose of some is determined by the weight of the child. Age restrictions must be considered before use.

Prevention of fungal infections

The main way to prevent infection and the development of a fungal infection remains personal hygiene and strengthening the protective functions of the body. Comfortable shoes made of natural and breathable materials will help you keep your feet healthy.